AIOU Educational Psychology 9072 Solved Quiz MCQs
This motive directs the individual for the acquisition of material property.
a. Forced motive b. Acquisitive motive c. Curiosity motive d. Natural motive
The correct option is b. Acquisitive motive. The acquisitive motive refers to the desire or drive to acquire material possessions or property. It is a motivation that directs individuals to seek and accumulate material goods.
The capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations, and desires of others is ______________.
a. Naturalistic intelligence b. Interpersonal intelligence c. Visual-spatial intelligence d. Intrapersonal intelligence
The correct option is b. Interpersonal intelligence. Interpersonal intelligence refers to the capacity to understand and interact effectively with others. It involves the ability to perceive and interpret the emotions, motivations, and desires of other people, and to respond appropriately to them. Individuals with strong interpersonal intelligence are often skilled at empathizing with others, reading social cues, and building relationships.
A school _____________ is not licensed to perform such activities like psychoeducational assessments that help students qualify for specific services such as special education.
a. Principle b. Psychologist c. Counselor d. Manager
The correct option is a. Principal. A school principal is typically not licensed to perform psychoeducational assessments. While a principal plays a crucial role in the overall administration and management of a school, they are not typically trained or licensed as psychologists or professionals in the field of psychoeducational assessment. Psychoeducational assessments are typically conducted by licensed psychologists or other qualified professionals who specialize in assessing cognitive abilities, academic skills, and other factors related to learning and development.
Bruner’s ideas of learning were shaped by ______________________ of cognitive development. a. Vygotsky social development theory
b. Pieget theory c. Erikson theory d. Sigmund Freud theory
The correct option is b. Piaget’s theory. Bruner’s ideas of learning were influenced by the work of Jean Piaget and his theory of cognitive development. Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist who proposed a stage theory of cognitive development, which emphasized the role of active construction of knowledge by the learner. Bruner built upon Piaget’s ideas and expanded them further in his own theories of learning, such as his theory of scaffolding and the concept of the spiral curriculum. While other theories, such as Vygotsky’s social development theory, have also influenced Bruner’s work, Piaget’s theory had a particularly significant impact on shaping his ideas of learning.
Who said that Educational psychology is the study of psychological aspects of educational situations?
a. C.E. Skinner b. Stephens c. E. A. Peel d. Trow
The correct option is c. E. A. Peel. E. A. Peel is credited with the statement that “Educational psychology is the study of psychological aspects of educational situations.” Peel was a British educational psychologist who made significant contributions to the field of educational psychology. His definition highlights the focus of educational psychology on understanding the psychological processes involved in educational settings and how they impact teaching, learning, and student development.
Who defined Psychology as the Science of the inner World?
a. William James b. Wilhelm Wundt c. James Sully d. Emmanuel Kant
The correct option is a. William James. William James, an American philosopher and psychologist, is often credited with defining psychology as the “Science of the inner World.” James is considered one of the founding fathers of psychology in the United States and made significant contributions to the field. He emphasized the subjective nature of psychological experiences and focused on the study of consciousness and the inner subjective experiences of individuals. His work helped shape the early understanding of psychology as a scientific discipline.
It is the branch of psychology that deals with teaching and learning?
a. Teaching psychology b. Educational psychology c. PedagogicalPsycology d. Learning psychology
The correct option is b. Educational psychology. Educational psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with the study of teaching and learning processes. It focuses on understanding how individuals learn, develop, and acquire knowledge within educational settings. Educational psychologists often investigate topics such as student motivation, learning theories, instructional methods, assessment and evaluation, cognitive development, and individual differences in learning. They apply psychological principles and research findings to improve educational practices, develop effective teaching strategies, and enhance the learning experience for students.
____________ is a procedure through which the correlation of related variables are evaluated to find an underlying factor that explains this correlation.
a. Variable analysis b. Relation analysis c. Factor analysis d. Evaluation
The correct option is c. Factor analysis. Factor analysis is a statistical procedure used to evaluate the correlation between related variables and identify an underlying factor or factors that explain the observed correlations. It is commonly used in research and data analysis to uncover latent variables or dimensions that contribute to the observed patterns of relationships among variables. By identifying these underlying factors, factor analysis helps in simplifying complex data sets and understanding the structure or patterns within the data.
According to Maslow, some needs grow stronger when unsatisfied Maslow called these_______________.
a. being needed b. primary needs c. deficiency needs d. growth needs
The correct option is c. deficiency needs. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, there are two types of needs: deficiency needs and growth needs. Deficiency needs are the basic physiological and psychological needs that arise when they are unsatisfied. Maslow referred to these needs as deficiency needs because they arise from a sense of lack or deficiency and motivate individuals to fulfill them. These needs include physiological needs (e.g., food, water), safety needs (e.g., shelter, security), belongingness and love needs (e.g., social connections, relationships), and esteem needs (e.g., self-esteem, recognition). In contrast, growth needs, also known as being needs or self-actualization needs, are higher-level needs that emerge after deficiency needs are met.
Good reading aims at developing_______________.
a. understanding b. pronunciation c. sensitivity d. increasing factual knowledge
The correct option is a. understanding. Good reading aims at developing understanding. When reading, the goal is not only to decode the words and comprehend their literal meaning but also to grasp the deeper meaning, context, and implications of the text. Reading for understanding involves making connections, analyzing information, interpreting ideas, and critically evaluating the content. It goes beyond mere factual knowledge or pronunciation and focuses on comprehending the text in a meaningful and insightful way. Good reading skills contribute to improved comprehension, critical thinking, and the ability to engage with and interpret various types of written material.
__________________has provided us with an accurate account of age-related changes in cognitive development.
a. Piaget b. Bandura c. Sigmund Freud d. Erikson
The correct option is a. Piaget. Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist, made significant contributions to the field of cognitive development. He proposed a stage theory of cognitive development that provided an accurate account of age-related changes in cognitive development. Piaget’s theory suggests that children progress through distinct stages of cognitive development, each characterized by different ways of thinking and understanding the world. These stages include the sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operational stage. Piaget’s theory has been influential in understanding how cognitive abilities and thinking patterns develop and change as individuals grow from infancy through adolescence.
Human needs are __________________ feelings that can be measured accurately.
a. Physical b. Mental c. Psychological d. Financial
The correct option is c. Psychological. Human needs are psychological feelings, meaning they pertain to emotional and mental states rather than physical sensations. Psychological needs refer to the inner desires, wants, and motivations that drive human behavior and well-being. Examples of psychological needs include the need for love, belonging, self-esteem, achievement, autonomy, and personal growth. While psychological needs can be identified and studied, accurately measuring them can be more challenging compared to physical needs, as they involve subjective experiences and individual perceptions. Various methods and assessments have been developed to gauge psychological needs, but they often rely on self-reporting and qualitative data rather than objective measurements.
____________ is used to increase desired behavior. It consists of making certain that positive behaviors are reinforced with positive rewards.
a. Positive Reinforcement b. Negative reinforcement c. Extinction d. Punishment
The correct option is a. Positive Reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is a technique used to increase desired behavior by providing positive rewards or consequences for that behavior. It involves giving something pleasant or desirable immediately following the occurrence of a behavior, which strengthens the likelihood of that behavior being repeated in the future. Positive reinforcement can be in the form of praise, recognition, rewards, incentives, or other positive outcomes that the individual finds motivating. By associating positive consequences with the desired behavior, positive reinforcement helps to encourage and reinforce that behavior, making it more likely to occur again in the future.
At which age child defines concrete nouns by use Understands of time and sequence concepts?
a. 1+ to 2 years b. 2+ to 3 years c. 3+ to 5 years d. 3+ to 4 years
The correct option is b. 2+ to 3 years. Around this age, typically between 2 and 3 years old, children start to develop the ability to define concrete nouns by use and understand time and sequence concepts. They begin to grasp the meaning of words and can associate them with objects, actions, or events in their environment. They also start to comprehend basic concepts of time, such as before and after, and can follow simple sequences of events. This period is a crucial stage in language development as children expand their vocabulary, learn to communicate more effectively, and gain a better understanding of the world around them.
In educational institutions of USA IEP stands for
a. Individualized empowerment program b. Individualized ethnic program c. Individualized education program d. Identified educational program
The correct option is c. Individualized education program. In educational institutions in the United States, IEP stands for Individualized Education Program. An IEP is a legal document that outlines the specialized educational services and support that are provided to students with disabilities. It is a personalized plan developed collaboratively by a team of educators, parents or guardians, and other professionals. The IEP outlines the student’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance, sets specific educational goals and objectives, and specifies the appropriate accommodations, modifications, and related services necessary to support the student’s learning needs. The purpose of an IEP is to ensure that students with disabilities receive an appropriate education that meets their individualized needs.
Which is the age in which a child laughs less and smiles more i.e. he has learnt to control his emotions?
a. babyhood b. early childhood c. later childhood d. adolescence.
The correct option is b. early childhood. During early childhood, typically between the ages of 3 and 6 years, a child tends to laugh less and smile more. At this stage, children have developed greater emotional control and are more capable of managing their emotions compared to earlier stages of development. They have learned to regulate their emotional expressions, including laughter and smiles, in a more socially appropriate manner. As children grow and develop, they acquire emotional self-regulation skills and gain a better understanding of social norms and expectations, leading to a decrease in laughter and an increase in more controlled emotional expressions, such as smiling.
It includes sensory organs and sensory integration?
a. Internal environment b. External environment c. Natural environment d. Social environment
The correct option is b. External environment. The external environment refers to the surroundings and conditions outside of an individual. It includes the physical world and everything that can be perceived through the sensory organs. This environment encompasses various elements such as the natural surroundings, physical objects, sounds, sights, smells, and other stimuli that individuals encounter in their daily lives. Sensory organs play a vital role in perceiving and processing information from the external environment. Additionally, sensory integration refers to the brain’s ability to organize and interpret sensory information from various sensory systems to create a coherent perception of the external environment. Therefore, the external environment is closely associated with sensory organs and sensory integration processes.
The fundamental premise of _________________ is that we continuously monitor the degree to which our work environment is “fair.”
a. Attribution Theory b. Self-Perception Theory c. Equity theory d. Expectancy Theory
The correct option is c. Equity theory. The fundamental premise of equity theory is that individuals continuously monitor the fairness or equity of their work environment. Equity theory, developed by J. Stacy Adams, suggests that people strive to maintain a sense of fairness in their relationships and environments. According to this theory, individuals compare the inputs (such as effort, skills, experience) they contribute to a situation with the outputs (such as rewards, recognition) they receive from that situation. If they perceive a fair balance between their inputs and outputs, they will perceive the situation as equitable. However, if they perceive an inequity, such as feeling over or under-rewarded compared to others, it can lead to feelings of dissatisfaction or motivation to restore equity. Equity theory emphasizes the importance of perceived fairness in influencing individuals’ attitudes and behaviors in the workplace.
Which method has made educational psychology a science?
a. observation method b. clinical method c. survey method d. experimental method
The correct option is d. experimental method. The experimental method has played a crucial role in making educational psychology a science. The experimental method involves manipulating variables and measuring their effects on outcomes or behaviors in a controlled setting. By using experimental designs, researchers can establish cause-and-effect relationships and make systematic observations and measurements to study various aspects of educational psychology. This method allows researchers to test hypotheses, control variables, and draw conclusions based on empirical evidence. Through experimental studies, educational psychologists have gained insights into learning processes, instructional methods, cognitive development, motivation, and other important aspects of education. The experimental method has contributed to the scientific understanding of educational psychology and has helped inform educational practices and interventions.
Who said that Educational psychology describes and explains the learning experience of an individual from birth to old age?
a. C.E. Skinner b. Stephens c. E. A. Peel d. Crow and Crow
The correct option is d. Crow and Crow. Crow and Crow are known for stating that educational psychology describes and explains the learning experiences of an individual from birth to old age. Crow and Crow, also referred to as Crow and Crowther, were influential educational psychologists who contributed to the field of educational psychology with their research and writings. They emphasized the importance of studying the entire lifespan of an individual when examining learning experiences and the role of educational psychology in understanding and explaining these experiences.